To mark the th birthday of Aby Warburg, the ZKM is exhibiting a complete reconstruction of his picture atlas in its original size. In December , Warburg started to compose a work in the form of a picture atlas named Mnemosyne. The Mnemosyne Atlas, October Panel A. Panel B. Panel C. Panel 1. Panel 2. Panel 3. Panel 4. Panel 5. Panel 6. Panel 7. Panel 8. Panel Panel
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Abraham Moritz Warburgknown as Aby Warburg June 13, — October 26,was a German art historian and cultural theorist who founded a private Library for Cultural Studies, the Kulturwissenschaftliche Bibliothek Warburg, which was later moved to the Warburg InstituteLondon.
At the heart of his research was the legacy of the Classical World, and the transmission of classical representation, in the most varied areas of western culture through to the Renaissance. Warburg described himself as: In sby 18th century the Warburgs moved to Altona near Hamburg. Two brothers Warburg founded the banking firm M.
Online BilderAtlas Mnemosyne
Aby Warburg showed an early interest in literature and history and the second eldest son, Max Warburg went into the Hamburg bank, younger brothers Paul and Felix also entered banking. Max Warburg established the Warburg family bank as a “global player”. Warburg grew up in a conservative Jewish home environment. Early on he demonstrated an unstable, unpredictable and volatile temperament. Warburg as a child reacted against the religious rituals which were punctiliously observed in his family, and rejected all career plans envisaged for him.
He did not want to be a rabbi, as warbrug grandmother wished, nor a doctor or lawyer. Against the resistance Aby Warburg met with from his relatives, he forced through his plans to study art history.
In Warburg began his study of art history, history and archaeology in Bonn and attended the lectures on the history of religion by Hermann Usenerthose on cultural history by Karl Lamprecht and on art history by Carl Justi. From to he studied the sources of these pictures at the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florence. He was now interested in applying the methods of natural science to the human sciences.
The dissertation was completed in and printed in After receiving his doctorate Warburg studied for two semesters at the Medical Faculty of the University of Berlinwhere he attended lectures on mnemoyne.
During this period he undertook a further trip to Florence. Cushing had lived for years with the Zuni in New Mexico and fascinated Warburg wanted to see the Pueblos for himself. First stop in the west was Mesa Verde to see the Anasazi cliff dwellings.
Warburrg Cochiti Warburg spoke to a priest and his son and received a cosmological drawing with a snake at its center.
The Hopi of Arizona were already famous for their snake dance and although April was too early in the year to see this tourist attraction, the time he spent with the Hopi was a most important part of his long journey. Warburg was fascinated with their still secluded culture, their architecture, ritual, their masks and their ages-old abstract painting on pottery Nampeyo had recently revived.
Mennonite missionary Heinrich R. Voth shared his knowledge of Hopi religion. Thanks to Voth he could also observe the preparations for this end-of-winter ceremony. The most famous photo of the trip shows Warburg holding a half naked dancer resting. Another snapshot is of Warburg wearing a Kachina dancer’ s mask.
In New York the social life of the Schiffs and Loebs seemed empty and futile, and Warburg was very impressed with the dead seriousness of Hopi ritual. Writing up his warbuurg notes for a mnenosyne famous lecture at the Kreuzlingen sanatorium Warburg stressed the kinship of religious thinking in Athens and Oraibi.
Online BilderAtlas Mnemosyne | The Warburg Institute
The couple had three children: Marietta —Max Adolph — and Frede C. In Warburg and his wife took up residence in Florence. While Warburg was repeatedly plagued by depression, the couple enjoyed a lively social life. The most famous Renaissance specialist of the time, the American Bernard Berensonwas likewise in Florence at this period. Warburg, for his part, renounced all sentimental aestheticism, wwrburg in his writings criticised a vulgarised idealisation of an individualism that had been imputed to the Renaissance in the work of Jacob Burckhardt.
During his years in Florence Warburg investigated the living conditions and business transactions of Renaissance artists and their patrons as well as, more specifically, the economic situation in the Florence of the early Renaissance and the problems of the transition from the Middle Ages to the early Renaissance.
A further product of his Florentine period was his series of lectures on Leonardo da Vinciheld in at the Kunsthalle in Hamburg. The contrast evident in the painting between the constricting dress of the matrons and the lightly dressed, quick-footed figure on the far right serves as an illustration of the virulent discussion around concerning the liberation of female clothing from the standards of propriety imposed by a reactionary bourgeoisie.
In the family returned to Hamburg, and Warburg presented the findings of his Florentine research in a series of lectures, but at first did not take on a professorship or any other academic position.
Aby Warburg. Mnemosyne Bilderatlas (English) | ZKM
He rejected a call to a professorship at the University mnemosynee Halle in At this period signs of a mental illness were present which affected his activities as a researcher and teacher. He suffered from manic depression mnemosgne symptoms of schizophrenia and was hospitalized in Ludwig Binswanger ‘s neurological clinic in KreuzlingenSwitzerland in There he was visited by Emil Kraepelin who did not confirm the diagnosis of schizophrenia and suggested Warburg was in a mixed manic-depressive state, a diagnosis with a more positive prognosis.
Indeed, his mental conditions improved also thanks to the support of the philosopher Ernst Cassirerwho visited him in the clinic: In DecemberWarburg started darburg compose a work in the form of a picture atlas named Mnemosyne.
It consisted of 40 wooden panels covered with black cloth, on which were pinned nearly 1, pictures from books, magazines, newspaper and other daily life sources. There were no captions and only a few texts in the atlas.
Aby Warburg around Aby Moritz Warburg June 13, Hamburg. Library resources about Aby Jnemosyne. Resources in your library Resources in other libraries.