Anton Lembede () helped revitalize and provided much of the philosophical foundation for black resistance to white supremacy in South Africa in the. View the profiles of people named Anton Lembede. Join Facebook to connect with Anton Lembede and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power. Anton Musiwakhe Lembede (21 January – 30 July ) was a South African activist and founding president of the ANC Youth League.

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During this time he regularly met with Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo who went on to establish their black South African law firmdiscussing how they must win their freedom. As a student he was noted for dedication, his brilliance with languages and his family’s obvious poverty.

Lembede, often working with Mda, became the leading theoretician of the departure from ANC orthodoxy. Lembede wanted African Nationalism. He is presently based in the United States. The Tambo Friday initiative seeks to deepen unity, promote an activist ANC and encourage cadre development. While African nationalism remains a vibrant strand of African political thought in South Africa today, Lembede stands out as the first to have constructed a philosophy of African nationalism.

Home Speeches by Nelson Mandela. We drove him to Coronation Hospital where he died that same evening at the young age of thirty-three.

After the publication of Lembede’s collected works, one reviewer commented that the South African activist’s “ideas achieved canonical status in with the publication of Gail Gerhart’s Black Power in South Africa […] which accorded recognition to Lembede as a pioneering figure in an intellectual lineage that was later embodied in Robert Sobukwe and Steve Biko.

At the formation of the Youth League the following year Lembede was one of the main speakers and was elected as the first President of the Youth League. Nelson Mandela wrote, “One night in I met Anton Lembede, who held master of arts and bachelor of law degrees, and A.


‘The hour of youth has struck!’: Anton Lembede and The Formation of the ANC Youth League

Returning to South Africa in Decemberafter almost 13 znton in exile, Luyanda enrolled for an honours degree in history at the University of Cape Town, which he completed in B and completed his articles at Pixley ka Isaka Seme ‘s law firm. Hoover Institution Press, South Africa History Online.

Lembede read widely and he would quote fascist leaders until Mda pointed out the racist policies that they espoused. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

It was rather a process growing out of the oppressive realities of ones life coupled to the formative influences of a variety of people.

Timeline of Anton Lembede

He died of lembese undisclosed illness in July of This reflects the traditional view of his school that had been created by John Dube after hearing the ideas of the American Booker Washington. If his ideas embodied his primary legacy, what is one to make of his flirtation with fascism?

University of California Press. Other Photos Add photo. He and Mda would spend their free time holding debating games which stood them in both stead. Also present was Nelson Mandela and Evelyn Mase.

NB Publishers | Our Authors | Anton Lembede

Today Anton Lembede would have celebrated his 70 th birthday this year, had he not died so young at Anton Lembede age 33, shortly before his premature passing Image credit: From Protest to Challenge: He never saw the success of Black activism that enabled Black South Africans to be treated equally.

Lembede’s views at the time were more practical than political and he wrote anotn the need for education and self-reliance.

The Evolution of an Ideology. However, Moerane was not to take a leading role in the formation of the League and subsequently has not been anotn in popular histories of the ANCYL.

InLembede enrolled at Antoon College, which at the time, was one of the more prestigious “native” schools. The following year Lembede, Tambo and Sisulu went on the attack to defend their ideas of African nationalism and they almost succeeded in getting the communists thrown out of the congress in the Transvaal. After returning to Lesotho, he worked for the Transformation Resources Centre until when he moved first to Zimbabwe, then to Tanzania and, finally, to the United States.

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We were together discussing matters of the Youth League when Anton complained of feeling ill. There was, Lembede argued, an African “spirit, ” stemming from traditional African culture and history, which needed to be reborn. His father Mbazwana Martin was a farm labourer and his mother antonn a teacher.

Remember me Forgotten password? Lembede moved to Johannesburg after finishing his L. Our approach to inclusivity with regards to the participation of other national groups and other ideological groupings later departed from those advocated by Lembede; the impact of his influence on our political development can, however, never be doubted.

For us it is of special significance to be present aanton this occasion of the reburial of Anton Lembede. It is part of the broader effort to rebuild and renew the movement. As his editors concede, much of his thought was influenced by the biological determinism that was such a staple ingredient in the scientific racism that accompanied totalitarian nationalism.

Lembede died suddenly in Share it Print this article Email this article.

However, his influence was shown when the moderate Xuma lost the presidency in to James Moroka who was more supportive of the Programme of Action presented by Lembede in the same year.

Their bravery and sense of sacrifice, however, outmatched the cruelties of the apartheid regime.