The Bush- Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) is a standardised, quantifiable examination of catatonia designed to screen and diagnose. Tab. 1: According to the item Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS), here partially modified and partially reported, the severity of catatonia is. PDF | Objective: This article aims to describe the adaptation and translation process of the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) and.

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Treatment with lorazepam and electroconvulsive therapy. Dementia Praecox and Paraphrenia. Catatonic signs are often regarded as attention-seeking behavior. Click here to access. The roots of autistic disorder. They were initially given parental lorazepam at the doses ranging from mg per day as per requirement.

Prevalence and clinical significance of catatonic symptoms in mania. Joseph WY Lee, Dr. Results of clear and unambiguous descriptions of 28 terms used to define or describe catatonia:. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Can J Psychiatry ; Developments, reliability and use. American Psychiatric Press, Inc. Catatonia has been identified in a sclae of psychiatric, medical and neurological disorders, and drug-induced states.

The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale BFCRS was the first instrument constructed for the systematic, standardized, and quantifiable examination of catatonia using operationally defined signs and symptoms.

This study has sfale out with very important insights in the age of incidence, phenomenology, clinical profile, source of referral, diagnostic break up and treatment response with lorazepam catwtonia ECT in catatonic patients following mental disorder. Catatonic syndrome in a general psychiatric population: Cambridge University Press; Neuropsychiatry Neuropsycholand Behav Neurol.


A factor analysis yielded four components that were characterized as 1 affective, 2 bush-fgancis, 3 hyperactive, and 4 behavioral. Consequently, the Fink and Taylor criteria and the earlier version have been used in screening for catatonia in at least two case series studies.

We recommend that a new catatonia rating scale be used in a variety of clinical settings to detect, identify, and measure catatonia and its response to treatment among a population of at-risk patients.

J Nerv Ment Dis ; Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum is best known for his description of catatonia. Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and empirical treatments for catatonia. The autism rating scales fail to quantify items to show treatment response to the catatonic features. Contributor Information Rob Kirkhart, Dr. Psychiatry Edgemont ;4 9: Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment. The use of atypical antipsychotics in sale treatment of catatonia. Frequency, clinical presentation, and response to lorazepam.

Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) – PsychTools

J Affect Disord ; Journal of Affective Disorders, Consequently, patients who present with catatonia to a clinic or hospital will be treated as if they have a behavioral problem that is more important than the motor syndrome.

The presence of two or more of the screening items for 24 hours or longer meets the diagnosis for catatonia proposed by Bush et al. Because the KANNER scale is based on an exhaustive and comprehensive review, we propose that it be adopted and tested prospectively for its clinical utility, sensitivity, and specificity.


They found the NCS to be valid and reliable for rating catatonia.

Northoff et al[9] performed extensive evaluation of the NCS and compared it to several rating scales. An efficacy analysis of olanzapine treatment data in schizophrenia patients with catatonic signs and symptoms. A descriptive study from North India. A systematic review of rating scales. Test re-test reliability was not studied because of the fluctuating course of the catatonic syndrome.

Catatonia in psychiatric classification: Younger age group patients were mainly responded to lorazepam only, whereas older age group patients responded to both ECT and lorazepam. References American Psychiatric Association. Catatonia associated with uraemic catatinia. The catatonia rating scale I: He presented his first description of catatonia in Innsbruck in and later wrote his monograph entitled Katatonia in The Northoff Catatonia Scale Rosebush et al[20] described the Kahlbaum criteria with more than two cardinal features with more than one secondary feature.

Incidence, and response to benzodiazepines. Banerjee A, Sharma LN. A clinical review of the treatment of catatonia. Ind Catatonnia J ; Also, hypokinesias and hyperkinesias were independent of antipsychotic medication.