call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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We will see that evolve later. As before, we will first note what was removed from the exam which was formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned above. First ovice will look at the items that were on the initial exam and that still reside on the current exam so you can see the core has not changed that much. The two exam option was 50 to 60 questions in 90 minutes for the new ICND1 exam and 45 to 55 questions in 75 minutes for the new ICND2 option.

You would receive this certification when you passed your ICND1 exam. Four years later in October we see the update of the exam to the revision. But that will soon change and we will discuss that shortly.

History of the CCNA Certification

We will touch on this more in a bit. Something else I find significant is that Cisco started to tweak the objectives of the exam during the course of this exam number and accordingly changed the questions that were in the exam pool.

Security Device Manager SDM — Which was a grapical interface to configure your router so you did not have to learn the command line.

Frame Relay — Still on the exam for large networks that span multiple geographic locations. So fast forward two years to and exam Most of you probably have no idea what I am even talking about. There were very few changes in syntax and commands from a CCNA level perspective between ATM — An older fixed 53 byte cell technology using virtual circuits.


Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped.

The CCIE certification was aimed at those hardcore networking geeks in the early days of corporate networking. So if you take your time and really absorb and learn the CCNA objectives, it will be something you will be able to use for a long, long time in your computer networking career.

At this time of the Cisco certification evolution, passing either of the exams did not earn the candidate any type of certification. Switch Security — Again, as security is concern, Cisco starts to hammer this home on the exam. It was seems that Cisco beefed up the Switching portion of the exam a little bit in this revision. Cisco Switch The reason we are covering what was on the initial exam to the current day exam is so you can see that the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years!

You may note how they incremented from the previous, numbering system and jumped up to signifying a revamped exam. Security — Cisco starts to introduce the concept of Security as hacking is becoming more of a corporate concern. So what was added? Really there was very little change to the exam except I am pretty sure this is where they removed AppleTalk and Token Ring from the exam and made the announcement of IOS However, this left a glaring hole for those who wanted to break into the new and exciting world of computer networking.

Access-Lists — General access-list configuration was covered. We also had one switch to share between the whole class of 12 students!

Static Routing — Still a base concept you must understand to be a successful network engineer. Then in late we had some significant changes and the exam was introduced. Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options to obtain your CCNA certification.


Cisco Router and Cisco Switch Why did they update the router and switch platform? This helped to keep the question pool fresh. It never really took off and it was removed about 2 years later while still the exam. ISDN — Remember the days of thinking how fast two 56kbps modems basically bundled together were? OSI Model — The foundation of how data travels up and down the data stack and allows for inter-operability.

History of the CCNA Certification Given that you are about to take on the challenge of obtaining your Cisco CCNA certification, you probably should know a little about the history of how it came about and how it evolved. Honestly at this time, most people in the computer networking space simply overlooked this certification as being irrelevant at the time.

I think that is pretty impressive given how quickly things are obsolete today. So you can see how much they have dropped in 46-461 over the years.

Simply Cisco removed ISDN from the exam format and updated the router platform to the routers and series switches.

Well, at least in theory. Classless routing including VLSMs — now we are making subnetting really hard and interesting.

History of the CCNA Certification –

Finally to and the new CCNA exam. Cisco actually called this the CCNA 2. So Cisco included simulation questions in which you had to actually configure interfaces at the CLI as these types of questions are a lot harder to memorize.

If you do not understand this, you will not pass the exam. This was a single exam and the exam number was I have no idea why so many other articles state the first exam was