Ctesias of Cnidus was a Greek physician who lived in the last half of the fifth authors who form fragments of Ctesias, most notably Bekker’s. Ctesias returned to Greece in and began writing his Persica, a history of Assyria-Babylonia in 23 books. Books I–VI included a history of Assyria and the. CTESIAS (Gk. Ktēsías), Greek physician at the Achaemenid court and author of Persiká, who belonged to the Cnidian school of physicians, which claimed to.

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The Derbices suddenly brought up some elephants which perisca been kept in ambush, and put Cyrus’ cavalry to flight. Inarus joined battle with Achaemenides, the Egyptians were victorious, Achaemenides being slain by Inarus and his body sent to Artaxerxes.

Charitimides, the commander of the forty Athenian ships, covered himself with glory in a naval engagement, in which twenty out of fifty Persian ships were captured with their crews, and the remaining thirty sunk.

Menostanes did all he could to prevent Secydianus from putting faith in these promises or coming to terms with those who were trying to deceive him. Thank you for your feedback. His other confidential advisers were the aged Mardonius and Matacas the eunuch. Artaxerxes had seventeen illegitimate sons, amongst them Secydianus by Alogyne the Babylonian, Ochus afterwards king and Arsites by Cosmartidene, also a Babylonian.

One very brief papyrus fragment Jacoby, Fragmentepp.

This Hellenized version of Persian culture was enormously influential in antiquity, shaping Greek stereotypes of effeminate Persian monarchs, licentious and vengeful queens, and conniving eunuchs.

Inarus was also successful at sea. Ctesias’ account is different from that of Herodotus.

Download high resolution cover, color. Roxana was hewn in pieces alive.

UW Press: Ctesias’ Persica and Its Near Eastern Context

Oebaras, afraid of suffering the same punishment, although Cyrus assured him that he would not allow it, starved himself to death by fasting for ten days. The Magian was accordingly sent to Bactria, where he played the part of Tanyoxarces. The detention of the Spartan ambassadors to the king.


Ctesias also wrote a history of India Indica that was based on reports of Persian visitors and of Indian merchants and envoys to the Persian court. She in turn informed the king, who left her to do as she would with the offender. The inhabitants expressed themselves ready to do so, provided the Athenians who accompanied him were not admitted.

Although he reproaches Herodotus for his old wives’ tales, he is not free from the same defect, especially in his account of India. Darius was greatly grieved and ordered the heads of the forty men who were responsible to be cut off.

But Arsaces cteeias his tears and lamentations appeased the wrath of his father and mother.

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Ctesias mentioned that Darius’ I grave at Persepolis was in a cliff face that could be reached with an apparatus of ropes. It includes cteslas testimonies and fragments on Persia, India and othera page introduction, the Greek texte, a French translation, and commentary notes. The fraud was not known for a long time except to Artasyras, Bagapates, peersica Izabates, to whom alone Cambyses had entrusted the secret.

Discover some prsica the most interesting and trending topics of Tissaphernes began to plot ctesiad the Greeks, with the assistance of Menon the Thessalian, whom he had won over. September 11 attacks, series of airline hijackings and suicide attacks committed in by 19 militants…. Darius, after he had crossed the bridge, set fire to the houses and temples of the Chalcedonians, because they had attempted to break down the bridges which he had made near their city and had also destroyed the altar erected by him, when crossing, in honor of Zeus Diabaterios.

Statira, seeing that Parysatis was ctssias her own portion, had no suspicions, and took the fatal poison. Clearchus the Spartan, who was in command of the Greeks, and Menon the Thessalian, who accompanied Cyrus, were always at variance, because Cyrus took the advice of Clearchus in everything, while Menon was disregarded. Artasyras and Bagapates also died, the latter having been for seven years the keeper of the tomb of Darius. The messengers sent by Euagoras to Ctesias about the receiving of letters from Abuletes.


The devotion of three books to each is somewhat disproportionate, however, for Ctesias, like most of his contemporaries, knew almost nothing about the Medes, not even the names of persicca kings.

Photius’ Excerpt of Ctesias’ Persica

Les sommaires de PhotiusBrussels, ctesiss and F. The king then ordered an attack with 20, but these were defeated, and although flogged to the battle, were routed again.

Megabyzus died at the age of seventy-six, deeply mourned by the king. Whereupon Amytis, after heaping curses upon him, drank poison and died.

Encyclopædia Iranica

Giangrande, who has reasoned that, because Ctesias is known to have written in Ionic, the papyrus fragment cannot be ascribed to him at all. Please try again later.

He also endeavored to make them friends with Amorges, bestowing his blessing on those who should remain on friendly terms with one another, and a curse upon those who first did wrong.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: By the advice of the Athenians Themistocles and Aristides archers were summoned from Crete. A record of the view that the Persians held of India, under the title Indicait includes descriptions of god-like people, philosophers, artisans, and unquantifiable gold, among other riches and wonders.