participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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It became the basis for developing the “Brazilian Conservation Unit System Plan”, which first stage was published inand the second one, in IUCN is currently the leading international organization that directs global policies concerning protected areas. However, the GT creation process dates back to and it is currently listed as “inactive” on the Dnuc website.
It was observed that three different opinions on the category origin and on its shuc role find place in the debate proposed in the current research. As for the management of protected 9985, the period from to was featured by inconstancy. According to the author, the different CU types were born from multiple factors, namely: Based on the works by Max Weber, Leff shows possible ways to analyze environmental issues and indicates the concept of rationality as being of great value to it.
It is just a matter of time.
At that time, the government started the debates about the SNUC. This chapter explicitly determined the creation and delimitation of protected areas and confirmed the common duty of both the society and the State in maintaining and protecting nature. Acesso em 25 jun.
Parques | Unidades de Conservação
These activities could exist in Sustainable Use CUs, but only in specific situations. On the other hand, the documentary research focused on investigating bills, minutes of meetings and public hearings, standards and relevant legislation in order to reconstruct the history of the Brazilian Conservation Units’ creation and management, especially that of the RVS category. Thus, the current study proposes to broaden our perspective regarding the Wildlife Refuge category, not only regarding what appears to be its main aspect, namely: The current study is especially interested in the concept of substantive rationality, ssnuc emerges from Weber’s frank criticism to hegemonic rationalities.
The current study is a call for reflection and it does not intend to exhaust the debates and implementations that are essential to understand the role played by the Wildlife Lek Conservation Unit category in Brazil.
There are no guarantees that this is the right way, but there is not always necessarily only one way.
Inthe predecessor of the concept of sustainable development emerged in Stockholm. This shift has important consequences, which we will discussed later.
Services on Demand Journal. Snuv innovation from Feldmann’s clean bill in eli present case is also extremely relevant for the RVS category analysis. In addition, one of the opinions reflects the impression by the manager that the category was chosen as a strategy for the government to escape from the burden of expropriation.
This lack of debate and regulation may also be seen in the plurality of opinions formed by the environmental analysts directly involved in the daily Wildlife Refuge management. Finally, there is the practical difficulty of defining economic activities that could be considered as being of indirect use, so they could be practiced, or lfi encouraged, within full protection conservation units.
In addition, according to Dias and PereiraBrazil was strongly criticized in the early due the fires in the Amazon and to Chico Mendes assassination. In a world of complex social and environmental societies, the ways of understanding the changes must evolve accordingly.
According to the bill and to Feldmann’s clean bill, protection referred to the “conditions for the existence and reproduction of species or communities”. It is Boa Nova RVS, which, among other goals, seeks to protect viable slender antbird Rhopornis ardesiacus populations.
The greening of thought drives the time horizon expansion necessary for the understanding the environmental issue requires. Whenever the owner does not give consent to the coexistence between the Wildlife Refuge and the use of the property, the land will be expropriated on behalf of the effective public interest.
However, these difficulties are not strong enough to consider it as an 9958 category. The Third World Congress on National Parks was held in and it started the debate about a policy able to correlate regional, state and national development, local populations, natural resources and environment in the management of protected areas.
However, the bill did not present the definition of ‘indirect use’. The current study le to demonstrate that the Cartesian formations and concepts inherent to the contemporary society tend not to allow one to see the possibility of coexistence between the goal of natural resources full protection and the presence of productive human activities.
Finally, the opinions of the federal RVS managers about their view on the category and on some perceptible obstacles to the management of these conservation units were analyzed. The bill also prohibited the introduction of non-native species in the CUs, but it did not mention the exceptions related to the RVS category. The current major difficulty lies on the fact that the RVS problem, as well as the CU management problem in general, is not just about concept, it is a political issue.
In this case, the only land use option would be ecotourism, which can be considered as being of indirect use.
According to Medeirosp. Thus, the difficulty to accept and live with constraints and determinations based on intangible needs, which are often specially geared to the common good and contrary to the hegemonic rationality, is somewhat understandable.
It could be concluded that the difficulties generated by the category location in an intersection between full protection and sustainable use, combined with the lack of regulation, are expressed in many different levels of relationship with the RVS. Thus, extractive reserves were created by the Executive Ordinance No.
Sustainism is based on concepts such as eco-efficiency, ecological modernization and green economy and it values the positive relationship between economic development and environmental preservation. According to Medeiros, Irving and Garaythe s were particularly relevant to the management of protected areas.
snjc Some hypotheses can be raised to explain this limitation: The peculiarity of this category, which is shared only with Natural Monuments, lies on the fact that, by being a full protection category, it does not involve land expropriation once the activities held within the properties are compatible with the Unit creation goals.
It is worth highlighting again that, according to SNUC law, the Ldi category is focused on protecting “environments” rather than “endangered species”, as it occurs in the American National Wildlife Refuges. Salvador, ano VI, n.